Thursday, May 29, 2008

The food pyramid

It is good to have a look at a food pyramid to check on our own cooking habits and to make sure that we are not missing out on anything which is important for our children. I went to wikipedia and did not like the new food pyramid so much, however fancy it may look like. It shows all that we should eat, but not very clearly in what proportions. I mean, just imagine you had to teach this to the children in school and would expect them to learn from it. I don't know why the stripes have to be vertical and not horizontal.
I still like the older one shown here.
Well, the lower one shown here is a german version which I liked as well. In both the cases at one glance you get to see the distribution and the right proportions.

And here my interpretation for them:

Every day
whole grain products (pasta, rice, bread, potatoes, oat flakes, müsli, all high-starch vegetable sources like taro, yam, sweet potatoes and so on) as the main food on the plate, less often the white flour products (less minerals and fibres, leads to health disorders)

Every day
vegetables (3 portions)
and fruits (2 portions)

Every day in smaller amounts
Milk and milk products like joghurt and cheese
2 to 6 year olds need about 2 cups of milk and milk products
(joghurt and cheese)
6 to 8 onwards and teenagers need 3-4 cups of milk and milk products;
cheese is a more concentrated form of calcium and vitamins A and E.
Joghurt and (fermented-) cheese are more easily digestable than milk.
For vegetarians:
and beans(vegans: see link below)

2-3 times per week
(in small amounts):
meat and eggs (not more than twice), fish (atleast once weekly; contains the important omega-3-fatty acids)
white meat (poultry) is much healthier than red meat
lentils and beans
nuts and dried fruits

In very small amounts :
Fats and oils use daily but sparingly to cook food, an average adult has a daily requirement of not more than 80 ml of oils and fats which also includes the hidden fats like in milk, sweets, meat and fish, etc.
Sugar (in products like cake cookies, toffees, chocolate, icecreams and sugar as such; only now and then)

I'm still working on this topic, it is not final and would appreciate any suggetions.

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